Damaliscus lunatus

Known as the Topi in East Africa. Although the topi and the tsessebe are classified as the same species there are a few cosmetic differences.

Characteristics

Distribution
The topi occurs in scattered populations across East Africa and the tsessebe occurs in central and southern Africa.

Social structure
Topi and tsessebe live in herds controlled by a territorial bull. Young males will form batchelor herds until they are strong enough to challenge for their own herds. Herds will mix freely outside of the rutting season.

Range differentiation
Although the topi and the tsessebe are classified as the same species there are a few cosmetic differences. The horn structure shows a variation, there is a contrast in the shade of the coat (darker in the topi). Both sexes have horns and the herd social structures show that the tsessebe move in smaller herds.

Habitat
Savanna woodlands, grasslands and floodplains

Feeding
A common sight on the savannas of Africa, the tsessebe and topi are grazers with a preference for new growth. They are of the first animals to appear after a fire has been through an area, and can be found feeding on the new green shoots.

Breeding
Seasonal breeders with an eight month gestation period. In areas of plentiful food they are known to breed all year round.