Rwanda Leading Wildlife conservation in East Africa

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Rwanda Leading Wildlife conservation in East Africa

Africa wildlife animals are prized and adorable when it comes to observing them in the wild along with driver guides and game rangers though some people consider them to be a source of income, and food for their survival. Thanks to whoever brought the idea of manufacturing cameras of all types that keep memories of incredible encounters in videos and photos captions. On any holiday, cameras are essential whether you a fun of photography or not but the truth remains that they are the best devises to hold wonderful moments of a holiday.

The greed of some humans lead to increased poaching activities in Africa with emphasis on the highly demanded animals, elephants & Rhinos taking away the pride of game viewing tourists who love meeting up with different wild animals and take photos or even make video recordings of every great moment. African governments have struggled to stop poaching in east Africa especially on Rhino killing and elephants which result from increasing demand for Rhino horns and ivory tusks of elephants said to have medical values in Asia.Also the International Union for the Conservation of Nature said that there existed over 10million elephants and one million rhino population in Africa a while ago which is the opposite today because the entire continent has only 25,000 rhinos and 470,000 elephants.

However, Akagera national park in Rwanda being one of the parks which faced a great threat of poaching back then after the 1994 Rwanda genocide an incident which left the park unmanaged creating room for returning refugees to flock to the park with herds of cattle resulting into human-wildlife conflict that called for low wildlife  population in the park. Various animals were killed but lions and Rhinos where wiped away completely by 1998 and 2007 respectively.

Today Akagera National park has reduced the level of wildlife poaching in all its park wildlife giving way to increased wildlife population at the park. The process has only been possible through reintroduction of the missing park wildlife species like lions, elephants and rhinos are yet to come. Now the once-abandoned Akagera National Park is teeming with wildlife again and attracting hundreds of tourists to head out for Rwanda wildlife safaris making the country a model in the wildlife conservation after registering success in wildlife conservation. According to African Parks, the company that has been running the park since 2009, “Poaching is a threat to the existence of Akagera National Park but securing and strengthening law enforcement activities with an equipped and motivated team of rangers has always been priority.”

The new park management has made it a point to fight against poaching for six year now since from the time they started managing the park. 2014 registered less animal poaching cases by more than 200% evidenced by the 26 animals killed and only three were said to have been killed by end of August 2015. Today, more than 8,000 large mammals roam Akagera, including at least seven lions and a herd of about 90 elephants.

Still Rwanda’s prime attraction, Volcanoes National Park has successful fought illegal wildlife activities leading to high mountain gorilla population in the forest. The number of mountain gorillas is only found in three countries Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo once declined in 1970s due to illegal human activities, war and diseases. In 1981 experts feared that iconic gorillas were heading to death having carried out the census in the Virunga massif and found only 254 individuals left. But today the estimated number of mountain gorillas in the Virunga massif is 900 after Rwanda and other countries put more conservation and monitoring effort.

Out of the 900 in the three countries, Rwanda is a home to about 300 mountain gorillas ready that are visited by tourists who go for gorilla tracking within the park. the park attracts both visitors and research projects. Other animal species are also booming in the park now that poaching has been limited. Golden monkeys, wild elephants and other primates are among them. Truly Rwanda is a great example in the wildlife conservation aspect as the local communities now support the law that governs the parks and their biodiversity’s. Dr Jean Felix Kinani, a wildlife veterinarian said that ‘We have noticed efficient patrol and a reduction in the number of snares that used to kill gorillas and chimpanzees,”.Kinani also used to work as a head of veterinarian at Gorilla Doctors in volcanoes national park a home of the unique wildlife species in the entire world.

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